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Thai cuisine’s Pad Kra Prow is a fragrant basil stir-fry.

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When it comes to Thai cuisine, the first thing that often comes to mind is the explosion of flavors – a harmonious blend of sweet, sour, salty, and spicy. One dish that encapsulates this culinary philosophy is Pad Kra Prow, a delightful basil stir-fry that has become a favorite among Thai food enthusiasts worldwide. In this article, we’ll explore the origins, ingredients, preparation, and the irresistible taste of Pad Kra Prow.

Origins of Pad Kra Prow

Pad Kra Prow, also known as Pad Krapow or Pad Kaprao, is a classic Thai dish that has deep-rooted traditions in Thai culture. The word “Pad” means stir-fry, and “Kra Prow” refers to the holy basil used in this dish. The combination of the words essentially describes the essence of the dish – a stir-fry with the distinct flavor of holy basil. This dish is ubiquitous in Thailand, often served at street food stalls, family dinners, and in upscale restaurants.


  1. Protein: Pad Kra Prow can be made with various proteins, including chicken, pork, beef, shrimp, or tofu, making it adaptable to different dietary preferences.
  2. Holy Basil (Kra Prow): This is the star of the dish, providing its unique and aromatic flavor. Thai holy basil, known as “Kra Prow” or “Bai Kra Prow,” has a slightly spicy, peppery taste that sets it apart from other basil varieties.
  3. Garlic: Crushed garlic cloves are sautéed to release their savory aroma and flavor.
  4. Chili Peppers: Thai bird’s eye chilies are typically used to add heat to the dish. The level of spiciness can be adjusted according to personal preference.
  5. Fish Sauce: This quintessential Thai condiment adds a salty and umami-rich depth of flavor.
  6. Oyster Sauce: Oyster sauce lends a touch of sweetness and a glossy finish to the dish.
  7. Soy Sauce: Provides a salty and slightly savory element to balance the flavors.
  8. Sugar: Often palm sugar is used, but regular white sugar can be substituted. It adds a hint of sweetness that complements the spiciness and saltiness.
  9. Vegetables: Some common vegetable additions include bell peppers, onions, and green beans, which contribute to both texture and flavor.
  10. Cooking Oil: Traditionally, Thai cooks use a generous amount of oil to achieve a quick stir-fry and prevent sticking.


  1. Prepping Ingredients: Start by chopping or slicing your protein of choice, garlic, chili peppers, and vegetables. Ensure everything is ready to go before you start cooking, as Pad Kra Prow comes together quickly.
  2. Stir-Frying: Heat a wok or large skillet over high heat and add the cooking oil. Once hot, add the crushed garlic and chili peppers. Sauté them until fragrant but be cautious not to burn the garlic.
  3. Protein First: Add your chosen protein to the wok and stir-fry until it’s nearly cooked through.
  4. Sauces and Seasonings: Incorporate the fish sauce, oyster sauce, soy sauce, and sugar. Stir everything together to evenly coat the protein.
  5. Veggies and Basil: Toss in the vegetables and, most importantly, the holy basil leaves. The basil should be added last to preserve its vibrant flavor and aroma. Continue stir-frying until the vegetables are cooked to your liking, and the basil wilts.
  6. Final Touch: Taste your Pad Kra Prow and adjust the seasoning if necessary. Add more fish sauce for saltiness, sugar for sweetness, or chili peppers for heat.
  7. Serving: Pad Kra Prow is typically served over steamed jasmine rice, topped with a fried or sunny-side-up egg. The runny yolk adds a luscious richness to the dish.

The Irresistible Taste

What sets Pad Kra Prow apart is its complex and addictive flavor profile. The dish strikes a balance between the heat from the chili peppers, the savory umami from fish and soy sauce, the sweetness from sugar and oyster sauce, and the aromatic, peppery notes from holy basil. Each bite is a symphony of flavors that dance on your taste buds.

Moreover, the texture of Pad Kra Prow is equally appealing. The stir-frying technique ensures that the vegetables retain their crispness while the protein is tender and infused with the flavors of the sauce and basil. This textural contrast adds depth to the overall experience of eating the dish.


Pad Kra Prow is a quintessential Thai dish that embodies the essence of Thai cuisine – bold flavors, fresh ingredients, and a harmonious blend of sweet, sour, salty, and spicy. With its versatility in protein choices and the adaptability of spice levels, it’s a dish that can be enjoyed by a wide range of palates.

Whether you savor it at a street food stall in Bangkok, a cozy Thai restaurant, or make it at home, Pad Kra Prow never fails to deliver a memorable culinary experience. Its tantalizing flavors and ease of preparation make it a must-try for anyone looking to explore the vibrant world of Thai cuisine. So, the next time you’re craving an authentic Thai dish that packs a punch, look no further than Pad Kra Prow.

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